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5 Facts and Tidbits About Arabica Coffee You Might Not Know

There are few things lovelier than starting your day off with a fresh cup of coffee. It just makes the morning easier and provides that much-needed energy boost. The beauty of coffee is that there are so many varieties and so many ways to prepare it that every person can find their choice of drink eventually.

In this particular article, we are going to talk about a popular strain called Arabica. Arabica coffee beans create a rich, smooth, and dark blend that delivers a strong boost of caffeine without much bitterness. They are a staple for many coffee enthusiasts, especially because of their depth and subtlety of flavor. 

In appreciation of this fine variety of coffee, we have created this list of facts and tidbits about Arabica coffee so you can understand why it tastes so good. Let’s take a look.

1. It is a self-pollinating coffee

All plants go through the pollination process in order to reproduce. In nature, plants pollinate a few different ways. There are many plants, for example, that do so from plant to plant in a process called cross pollination. Self-pollinating plants, on the other hand, can reproduce entirely from their own flowers, passing down the same genes. 

Self-pollination is the reason why the quality and flavor of Arabica coffee have stayed consistent throughout the years. The same genes are generally passed down and replicated in the offspring. 

2. Coffee beans are not beans at all

Beans are leguminous plants of the family Fabacae. They refer to pod-born seeds and share similarities with broad beans and chickpeas. Coffee beans are referred to as such because of their shape, but they are actually seeds that sit in the center of a fruit.

The coffee fruit, in particular, is actually a species of cherry. Coffee cherries ripen to an orange or red color, and have skin akin to a grape. They are also edible and have a flavor profile often with notes reminiscent of raspberries, cranberries, cherries, and raisins. 

3. It has 44 chromosomes

All living beings have DNA, which is composed of chromosomes. Chromosomes determine what traits organisms have. For humans, it can mean eye color, height, and so on. Chromosomes always come in pairs, which is why they are always in even numbers. 

The interesting thing about Arabica coffee is that it has nearly double the chromosomes of other coffee species and varieties. This has resulted in subtle and more complex flavors, and more ways to create variety with these flavors.

4. Arabica needs specific conditions to grow

Coffee beans are fragile and need special conditions, and Arabica coffee beans even more so. This variety can only grow between two and six thousand feet above sea level. Not only that, but the shrubs grow exceptionally large—a staggering forty feet tall! It is these special conditions that make this special blend. 

5. A single shrub can make a pound of coffee

With the plants growing so large, a single shrub can produce up to a pound of coffee. The beauty of this is that the fruits often grow two beans each. The caveat here, however, is that it takes about a year for a single plant to make one or two pounds of beans. They also take seven years to mature, but every grower and drinker will tell you that this is a worthwhile wait. 

Final thoughts

As we have mentioned before, there are so many varieties and ways to prepare coffee that it might be daunting to try and choose a favorite. However, Arabica coffee beans are a staple for many coffee drinkers given their subtly strong but deep flavors. A single sip can change any person’s mind about it.

If you’re looking for a provider of Arabica coffee beans, send Cafe Joe USA a message. We have a wide variety of coffee products for enthusiasts and newbies alike. 

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